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Is Functional Medicine a Costly Choice?

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Published By: Dr. Jeffrey Mark
Date: March 02, 2024

Functional Medicine has gained popularity as a personalized and integrative approach to healthcare, but questions about its affordability often arise. In this blog, we aim to debunk myths surrounding the cost of Functional Medicine and provide clarity on the expenses involved. Let's delve into what Functional Medicine entails and explore whether it's truly expensive.

Functional Medicine diverges from the conventional model by focusing on addressing the underlying root causes of illness rather than just managing symptoms. This approach involves comprehensive assessments, personalized treatment plans, and a strong emphasis on preventive care.

While these aspects may seem costly upfront like hundreds of dollars, it's essential to consider the long-term benefits they offer.

Is Functional Medicine Expensive?

Contrary to popular belief, Functional Medicine offers personalized care that can be both cost-effective and transformative. While upfront costs may seem daunting, the long-term benefits of addressing root causes and promoting wellness can lead to significant savings and improved health outcomes.

Through real-life examples, research evidence, and practical resources, this blog demonstrates that investing in Functional Medicine is an investment in long-term health and vitality.

Case 1.

Susan was struggling with chronic digestive issues and irregular bowel movements. Conventional treatments failed to provide lasting results.  She would be treated with medications for constipation, medications for cramping and diarrhea, and given a course of antibiotics.

She would require monthly visits with the occasional emergency room or urgent care visit.  Finally, she sought functional medicine care which addressed the root causes of her symptoms which included dealing with her high stress and cortisol levels that were altering her gut lining and bacteria.

When these issues were addressed, she not only improved her digestive health but also prevented future complications, potentially saving on future medical expenses not alone eliminating her costly monthly visits and occasional urgent care and ER visits.

Functional Medicine consultations often involve in-depth discussions, thorough medical histories, and personalized recommendations tailored to each patient's unique needs. While this level of care may require an initial investment, it can lead to significant improvements in health outcomes and overall well-being.

Case 2.

Marcus, dealing with hormonal imbalances, benefited from Functional Medicine's personalized approach, which identified lifestyle factors contributing to his condition. He had no energy often crashing on the couch right after work. He was gaining weight, pre-diabetic, and developing sleep apnea.

His primary care physician did conventional evaluations that were unrevealing except for high blood pressure, borderline high blood sugars, borderline high cholesterol, and a low “normal” testosterone level He was put on medications for cholesterol. Blood sugar, and blood pressure, and told to exercise.

A thorough functional medicine evaluation found thyroid antibodies, high cortisol, and low testosterone. Root causes were addressed including his work stress using nutraceuticals such as adaptogens, meditation, and lifestyle changes all of which helped with the cortisol.

Other supplements helped heal the gut lining reducing thyroid antibodies and supplements to help with testosterone were also given. Through these and other targeted interventions and ongoing support, he regained hormonal balance and got off costly medications.

Before the corrections of his root causes, he was on a trajectory towards the metabolic syndrome usually leading to expensive medications, procedures such as heart catheterization, and hospitalization. heart disease, diabetes, and risk of stroke.

Understanding Functional Medicine Costs:

Functional Medicine offers a personalized and comprehensive approach to healthcare, but the costs associated with this model can vary depending on several factors. Let's break down the potential expenses involved in Functional Medicine and explore how they contribute to the overall value of this approach.

1. Consultations and Assessments:


Functional Medicine consultations typically involve longer appointment times compared to conventional medical visits. Practitioners take the time to thoroughly review patients' medical histories, discuss symptoms, and explore underlying factors contributing to their health issues.

While these extended consultations may come with higher upfront costs of charge, they provide valuable opportunities for patients to engage in in-depth discussions and receive personalized recommendations.

Illustration of Consultation:  A Functional Medicine practitioner spends 60-90 minutes with a patient during an initial consultation, gathering detailed information about their health history, lifestyle habits, diet, stress levels, and environmental exposures. This comprehensive assessment lays the foundation for developing a personalized treatment plan tailored to the patient's specific needs.

2. Lab Tests and Functional Assessments:

Lab Tests

Functional Medicine relies heavily on specialized lab tests and functional assessments to uncover underlying imbalances and dysfunctions in the body.

These tests may include comprehensive blood panels, stool analyses, hormone assessments, genetic testing, and assessments of nutrient status and metabolic function. While some of these tests may be covered by insurance, others may require out-of-pocket expenses.

Illustration Laboratory: A patient with chronic fatigue syndrome undergoes a series of functional tests, including comprehensive blood work to assess thyroid function (including thyroid antibodies), hormone levels, and nutrient/mitochondrial deficiencies.

These tests provide valuable insights into the underlying causes of the patient's fatigue and guide targeted interventions to address imbalances.

Supplements and Nutritional Support: Functional Medicine often incorporates targeted supplementation and nutritional support to optimize health outcomes. While dietary changes and lifestyle modifications are emphasized, supplements may be recommended to address specific deficiencies or support the body's healing processes. While supplements can add to the overall cost of treatment, they are often viewed as an investment in long-term health and wellness.

Nutraceutical Illustration: A patient with gut dysbiosis and inflammation may be prescribed probiotics, digestive enzymes, and anti-inflammatory supplements (including colostrum) to support gut healing and restore microbial balance. While these supplements incur additional expenses, they play a crucial role in addressing the root causes of the patient's digestive issues.

3. Treatments and Therapies:

Functional Medicine incorporates a wide range of therapeutic modalities, including energy medicine/acupuncture, pulsed electromagnetic frequencies, mind-body therapies, detoxification protocols, and lifestyle interventions. While some of these treatments may be covered by insurance or offered at discounted rates, others may require out-of-pocket expenses.

Therapeutic Illustration: A patient with chronic pain and inflammation may benefit from frequency-specific microcurrent sessions, acoustic wave therapy, massage therapy, platelet-rich plasma injections, and mindfulness meditation to manage symptoms and promote relaxation. While these therapies may involve upfront costs, they offer non-pharmacological alternatives for pain management and stress relief.

While the costs associated with Functional Medicine may seem daunting at first, it's important to consider the value of personalized care, comprehensive assessments, and targeted interventions in promoting long-term health and well-being.

By addressing the root causes of illness and empowering patients to take an active role in their health, Functional Medicine offers a unique approach that extends far beyond monetary considerations.

Factors Influencing Functional Medicine Costs:

The cost of Functional Medicine can vary depending on several factors, including practitioner expertise, geographic location, complexity of health issues, and specific treatment modalities used. Let's explore how these factors influence the overall costs of Functional Medicine and what patients can expect.

1. Practitioner Expertise and Experience: The qualifications and experience of the Functional Medicine practitioner can impact the price of care as well as their transparency. Practitioners with advanced certifications, extensive training, and specialized expertise may command higher fees for their services.

Practitioner Expertise and Experience

Illustration: A Functional Medicine practitioner with board certification in gastroenterology, anti-aging medicine, and functional medicine may have higher consultation fees compared to a general practitioner without specialized training.

2. Geographic Location: The cost of Functional Medicine services can vary depending on the geographic location of the practice. Urban areas and regions with higher costs of living may have higher fees for consultations, lab tests, and treatments compared to rural areas.

Geographic illustration: Functional Medicine consultations in major cities like New York or Los Angeles may be more expensive than in smaller towns or rural areas due to higher overhead costs and demand for services.

3. Complexity of Health Issues: The complexity of a patient's health issues can influence the overall cost of Functional Medicine care. Patients with multiple chronic conditions or complex health concerns may require more extensive assessments, specialized lab tests, and targeted interventions, leading to higher expenses.

Illustration: A patient with autoimmune disease, hormonal imbalances, and gastrointestinal issues may require a more comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan compared to someone with a single health issue.

4. Treatment Modalities and Therapies: The specific treatment modalities and therapies used in Functional Medicine can also impact costs. Some interventions, such as specialized lab tests, nutritional supplements, and alternative therapies, may incur additional expenses beyond consultation fees.

Illustration: Treatments like frequency-specific microcurrents or acupuncture, intravenous (IV) nutrient therapy, acoustic wave therapy, quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG), and pulsed electromagnetic frequency therapy may offer additional benefits but come with their own costs beyond standard consultation fees.

5. Insurance Coverage and Reimbursement: Insurance coverage for Functional Medicine services varies depending on the individual's insurance plan and provider policies. While some Functional Medicine services may be covered by insurance, others may require out-of-pocket expenses or reimbursement through flexible spending accounts (FSAs) or health savings accounts (HSAs).

health insurance cover

Illustration: While some insurance plans may cover certain lab tests and consultations with Functional Medicine practitioners, other services like nutritional counseling or mind-body therapies may not be covered, requiring patients to pay out of pocket.

Overall, patients considering Functional Medicine should inquire about the costs involved, including consultation fees, lab tests, treatments, and potential insurance coverage.

While upfront costs may seem significant, the personalized care and comprehensive approach offered by Functional Medicine can lead to long-term improvements in health outcomes and overall well-being, making it a valuable investment in one's health.

Case Studies and Examples:

Functional Medicine in Action:

Case studies showcase the tangible impact of Functional Medicine on patients' lives. We'll explore real-life transformations in digestive health, hormonal balance, and the reversal of chronic fatigue syndrome, providing concrete examples of Functional Medicine's effectiveness.

Functional Medicine isn't just a theory; it's a practical approach that yields real results for patients.

Here, we'll delve into some real-life examples (names and some circumstances have been modified due to HIPPA) of Functional Medicine in action, showcasing its effectiveness in addressing a range of health concerns and improving overall well-being.

Case Study 1: Digestive Health Transformation

Meet Ann, a 35-year-old woman experiencing chronic digestive issues, including bloating, gas, and irregular bowel movements. Conventional medical treatments provided temporary relief but failed to address the root cause of her symptoms. Frustrated and desperate for answers, Ann turned to Functional Medicine for help.

After conducting a comprehensive assessment, including a detailed medical history, dietary analysis, and functional testing, Ann was found to have underlying imbalances in her gut microbiome (dysbiosis) and food sensitivities contributing to her symptoms.

Ann’s treatment plan included dietary modifications to eliminate trigger foods, such as gluten and dairy, along with targeted supplementation to support gut healing and restore microbial balance. Additionally, stress management techniques, such as mindfulness meditation and yoga, were incorporated to address the impact of stress on digestive function.

Over the course of several months, Ann diligently followed her treatment plan and experienced significant improvements in her digestive symptoms. Bloating and gas decreased, bowel movements became regular, and overall gut health improved.

Through personalized care and addressing the root cause of her symptoms, Functional Medicine transformed Susan's digestive health and restored her quality of life.

Case Study 2: Hormonal Imbalance Resolution

Consider Randal, a 45-year-old man struggling with symptoms of hormonal imbalance, including fatigue, low libido, and mood swings. Despite seeking help from various healthcare providers, including traditional endocrinologists, Randal’s symptoms persisted, leaving him feeling frustrated and discouraged.

Through Functional Medicine, Randl underwent a thorough evaluation, including hormone testing, nutritional assessment, and lifestyle analysis. The results revealed imbalances in Randal's adrenal and thyroid hormones, as well as deficiencies in key nutrients necessary for hormone production and metabolism.

Randal's treatment plan involved a multifaceted approach aimed at restoring hormonal balance naturally. This included dietary changes to support hormone production, targeted supplementation with vitamins and minerals essential for hormone synthesis, and lifestyle modifications to reduce stress and improve sleep quality.

P.S. You can read more on improving the quality of sleep on TheRealGutDoctor.

As Randal implemented these interventions under the guidance of his Functional Medicine doctor, he began to notice significant improvements in his energy levels, mood stability, and libido.

Over time, his hormonal balance was restored, and he regained a sense of vitality and well-being that had eluded him for years.

Case Study 3: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Reversal

Imagine Lily, a 40-year-old woman struggling with debilitating fatigue, brain fog, and muscle pain for several years. Conventional medical treatments offered little relief, leaving Lily feeling frustrated and hopeless. Determined to find answers, she turned to Functional Medicine for a different approach.

Through a comprehensive assessment, including in-depth testing and analysis of Lily's medical history, lifestyle factors, and environmental exposures, she was found to have underlying imbalances contributing to her chronic fatigue syndrome.

Lily's treatment plan focused on addressing the root causes of her symptoms, which included optimizing her diet to reduce inflammation and support energy production, implementing targeted supplementation to address nutrient deficiencies, and incorporating stress management techniques to improve her resilience and coping mechanisms.

As Lily committed to her personalized treatment plan and made lifestyle changes guided by her Functional Medicine assessments,  she experienced a gradual but significant improvement in her symptoms.

Fatigue diminished, mental clarity improved, and muscle pain subsided, allowing Lisa to reclaim her life and engage in activities she had once thought impossible.

These case studies illustrate the transformative power of Functional Medicine in addressing a variety of health concerns and improving overall well-being. By identifying and addressing the root causes of illness, Functional Medicine empowers patients to achieve lasting improvements in their health and quality of life.

Research Studies and Evidence:

Research Studies Supporting Functional Medicine:

A critical examination of peer-reviewed research studies bolsters the legitimacy of Functional Medicine. Here are some recent publications with patient outcomes, demonstrating the evidence-based foundation of this approach.

1. One of the more recent studies is found in an investigational study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Open. (1).  It was found that functional medicine may have the ability to improve global health in patients.  The study was entitled “Association of the Functional Medicine Model of Care With Patient-Reported Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes.”

It is the first retrospective cohort study of the functional medicine model and Cleveland Clinic researchers found that functional medicine was associated with improvements in health-related quality of life.  The study was published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open. A cohort of 7252 patients was examined (1595 from a functional medicine center; 5657 from a family health center) and exhibited significantly larger improvements in Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Physical Health at 6 months than propensity-matched patients at a family health center (398 matched pairs).

PROMIS® is an NIH-validated questionnaire. PROMIS provides a measure of patients’ global physical and mental health that can be monitored over time, measuring factors like fatigue, physical function, pain, gastrointestinal issues, and emotional well-being.

Approximately 31% of patients seen by the Center for Functional Medicine improved their PROMIS global physical health scores by 5 points or more, which is a clinically meaningful change and a noticeable effect on daily life. Twenty-two percent of primary care patients improved their scores by 5 points or more.

2. There is not a single approach to the delivery of functional medicine. One common appointment in functional medicine is the shared medical appointment or “group visit.” In the British Medical Journal, a study was published comparing the outcomes and costs associated with functional medicine-based care delivered in a shared medical appointment (SMA) to those delivered through individual appointments (2).

The study “Patient outcomes and costs associated with functional medicine-based care in a shared versus individual setting for patients with chronic conditions: a retrospective cohort study” reached the conclusion that SMAs deliver functional medicine-based care that improves outcomes more than care delivered in individual appointments and is less costly to deliver.

3. There were 3 other studies demonstrating the legitimacy and benefits of Functional Medicine to stop and reverse hypertension, obesity, and heart disease, effectiveness in combination with complementary approaches including meditation, acupuncture, herbal medicine, and use of natural products with cost savings.

  • A study by the British medical journal Lancet Oncology found that Functional Medicine was able to stop and reverse hypertension, obesity, heart disease, and prostate cancer. (3)
  • A study by the Institute of Medicine found that scientifically proven conventional treatments, combined with meditation, yoga, acupuncture, and herbal medicine, proved to be both medically and cost-effective. (4)
  • The National Institutes of Health conducted a meta-analysis entitled "Health Cost Effectiveness of Natural Health Products: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinic Trials" and found positive health outcomes with cost savings of up to 73 percent for natural products, compared to conventional treatments. (5)

Resources and Financial Considerations:

References and Resources:


  1. Beidelschies M, Alejandro-Rodriguez M, Ji X, Lapin B, Hanaway P, Rothberg MB. Association of the Functional Medicine Model of Care With Patient-Reported Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(10):e1914017. doi:
  2. Beidelschies M, Alejandro-Rodriguez M, Guo N, et alPatient outcomes and costs associated with functional medicine-based care in a shared versus individual setting for patients with chronic conditions: a retrospective cohort study BMJ Open 2021;11:e048294. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048294
  3. Thompson, Dennis. "Healthy Lifestyles May Reverse Cellular Aging, Study Suggests." Health Day. September 16, 2013. (Originally from the Sept. 2013 online issue of The Lancet Oncology.)
  4. "Relieving Pain in America: a Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research" Institute of Medicine of the National Academics. June 29, 2011.
  5. Kennedy, Deborah A., Hurt, Jason, Seely, Dugald, "Health Cost Effectiveness of Natural Health Products: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials," Evidence-Based Complement Alternative Medicine, September 6, 2009: 297-304.

Functional Medicine Organizations: Gain access to educational resources, professional development opportunities, and networking events by engaging with reputable Functional Medicine organizations. These organizations provide guidance, support, and standards for practitioners and patients alike.

  • Institute for Functional Medicine (IFM)
  • American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M)


In conclusion, the affordability of Functional Medicine is a multifaceted issue that requires careful consideration of various factors. While upfront costs may seem daunting, the long-term benefits and cost-effectiveness of Functional Medicine make it a valuable investment in one's health and well-being. Let's recap some key takeaways from our discussion:

1. Value of Personalized Care: Functional Medicine offers personalized and comprehensive care that addresses the root causes of illness, rather than just managing symptoms. While this approach may involve upfront expenses for consultations, lab tests, and treatments, the individualized nature of care can lead to significant improvements in health outcomes and overall well-being.

Case 1: Ann's journey to digestive wellness demonstrates how personalized dietary modifications and targeted supplementation in Functional Medicine led to long-term relief from chronic digestive issues, ultimately improving her quality of life and reducing the need for costly medications.

2. Cost-Effectiveness in the Long Run: Research studies have shown that Functional Medicine interventions can be cost-effective compared to conventional approaches, particularly in the management of chronic diseases and complex health issues. While there may be initial investments in Functional Medicine care, the long-term savings from improved health outcomes and reduced healthcare utilization can outweigh these costs.

Case 2: Randal’s experience with hormonal imbalance highlights how investing in Functional Medicine interventions, such as dietary modifications and lifestyle changes, led to sustained improvements in his symptoms and overall health, ultimately reducing his reliance on expensive medications and procedures.

3. Financial Resources: Patients have access to various resources and strategies for managing the costs of Functional Medicine care. From payment plans, and subscription memberships, to treatment packages, there are options available to help individuals navigate financial considerations.

In conclusion, while Functional Medicine may involve upfront costs, the value it offers in terms of personalized care, improved health outcomes, and long-term savings make it a worthwhile investment for many individuals seeking holistic and integrative healthcare solutions.

Take Care, Stay Healthy,

Jeffrey Mark, M.D.

The Real Gut Doctor

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Dr. Jeffrey Mark
With over thirty years of experience, Dr. Mark is a leading expert in holistic gut health. His integrative approach combines conventional medicine, functional and regenerative medicine, and advanced therapies to heal the gut and transform patient health. Holding 5 board certifications, Dr. Mark offers the comprehensive expertise of five medical specialists during each patient visit. He is dedicated to optimizing wellbeing by addressing the gut-related root causes of chronic health issues.
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